“These are both the highest courts in the land, the highest criminal court and the highest civil court.
“The remit of this inquiry is about the actions of others, whose investigation into the conduct of ministers, the Permanent Secretary, civil servants and special advisers.
“It also requires to shine a light on the activities of the Crown Office.”
He went on to claim that the committee in its inquiry has been “systematically deprived of the evidence it has legitimately sought”.
Lib Dem MSP Alex Cole Hamilton and SNP MSP Maureen Watt asked Salmond is he was “sorry” for his alleged behaviour towards women.
Cole Hamilton asked Salmond: “Laying aside the charges of which you’ve been acquitted, and the allegations that you deny, of the behaviours that you have admitted to, some of which are appalling, are you sorry?”
Salmond replied: “In my statement I pointed out the government’s illegality has had huge consequences for a number of people, and specifically mentioned the complainants in my opening statement.
“Over the last three years, there have been two court cases, two judges and a jury, and I’m resting on the proceedings of these cases.”
The former FM rejected calls from his successor that he should provide evidence to back up his claims of a conspiracy.
He stressed it was the Scottish Government which had been “found to have acted unlawfully, unfairly and tainted by apparent bias” by the Court of Session.
Sturgeon has previously insisted there is “not a shred of evidence” that there was a conspiracy against Salmond and has denied lying to parliament.
Just weeks before Holyrood elections in May and with support for independence at a record high north of the border, the dramatic Sturgeon-Salmond split is sending shockwaves through Scottish politics.
Scottish Conservative leader Douglas Ross tweeted: “I am no fan of Alex Salmond. He is not a man I respect.
“But he is right about at least one thing – truth and honesty in government matters. And we’re not getting it from Nicola Sturgeon.”
Sturgeon is set to give evidence to the same committee next Wednesday.