The Committee on Space Research (or COSPAR), a global research group, introduced non-binding protocols for different types of missions, stating that any “non-terrestrial replicating entity” – which technically means a lifeform – is contained on landing.
At NASA, the Office of Planetary Protection oversees that these guidelines are followed when delegating new assignments.
When laying out plans for the Artemis program, a mission that aims to put humans on the moon by 2024 , NASA presented a series of rules foreign partners had to follow.
“International space agencies that join NASA in the Artemis program will do so by executing bilateral Artemis Accords agreements, which will describe a shared vision for principles, grounded in the Outer Space Treaty of 1967, to create a safe and transparent environment which facilitates exploration, science and commercial activities for all of humanity to enjoy,” NASA officials wrote in a statement.
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